Additional Information for:
    Army Motorcycle Riders
    Navy Motorcycle Riders
    Air Force Motorcycle Riders
    Marine Corps Motorcycle Riders
    Motorcycle Rider Discussion
    Motorcycle Mentor Discussion
 
 
Each branch of service issues their own guidance on the required personal protective equipment (PPE) for U.S. Military riders.  On top of that, each command or base may have their own set of guidelines or policies that govern the PPE requirements for Military Motorcycle Riders.  Below you will find information on what the services say that you require, but be sure to check local polices to ensure that they do not have stricter guidelines.

Remember that Personal Protective Equipment can save your life and or the life of a passenger.  You can be the best rider in the world, but you cannot control the actions of everyone else on the road.  You can connect with other Military Motorcycle Riders at MilitaryBikers.org.
Last updated 21 April, 2014   
Military Motorcycle PPE Comparison Chart
  Army Navy Air Force Marine Corps
Helmet
(Local policy may differ)
DOT Safety Standard No. 218, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Standard 22–05, British Standard 6658, or Snell Standard M2005 DOT FMVSS 218, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Standard 22-05, British Standard 6658 or Snell Standard M2005 A helmet, certified to meet current Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 218 (DOT), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Standard 22.05, British Standard 6658, or Snell Standard M2005 or higher, shall be worn and properly fastened under the chin. An approved helmet meets the standards of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 218. When a helmet manufacture meets or exceeds FMVSS 218 test standards, "DOT" and/or "SNELL" may be applied by the manufacturer and usually appears centered on the back of the helmet in white letters on a black background.
Eye Protection
(Local policy may differ)
Eye protection must be designed to meet or exceed ANSI Z87.1, reference (z) for impact and shatter resistance (includes goggles, wraparound glasses, or a full-face shield (properly attached to a helmet). A windshield or fairing does not constitute eye protection. Protective eye devices designed for motorcycle operators (impact or shatter resistant safety glasses, goggles, wrap around glasses sealing the eye, or face shield properly attached to the helmet) shall be properly worn. A windshield or standard sunglasses or standard eye wear alone are not proper eye protection. Goggles, wrap around glasses, or a full-face shield designed to meet or exceed American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard Z87.1, or UNECE 22.05 or BS6658 in effect when manufactured, will be properly worn. A windshield does not constitute proper eye protection. Eye protection is defined as riding glasses or goggles that are American National Safety Institute (ANSI) approved and shatter resistant. Eye protection used without a face shield or windshield should seal the cup of the eye through the use of a strip of foam or material around inside of lens.
Footwear
(Local policy may differ)
sturdy over-the-ankle footwear that affords protection for the feet and ankles (durable leather or ballistic-type cloth athletic shoes that cover the ankles may be worn). Sturdy over the ankle footwear that affords protection for the feet and ankles shall be worn. Foot protection includes sturdy over-the-ankle footwear that affords protection for the feet and ankles. Foot protection is sturdy, above the ankle shoes or boots that provide support and traction when riding or when in transition of movement from a stop/starting position. Unacceptable foot wear is defined as any shoe or boot that has an open toe, open foot/heel design, extensive heel over 2 inches, or a total canvas or rubber material construction.
Clothing
(Local policy may differ)
long-sleeved shirt or jacket, long trousers, and full-fingered gloves or mittens made from leather or other abrasion-resistant material. Riders and passengers shall wear a long sleeved shirt or jacket, long trousers, and full-fingered gloves or mittens designed for use on a motorcycle. Wearing of long sleeved shirt or jacket, long trousers and full-fingered gloves or mittens is required. Gloves or mittens will be made from leather or other abrasion-resistant material. A long sleeve shirt shall be past the elbow while the rider's hands are on the handlebar grips. Leg protection is sturdy, full length pants or
trousers that extend past the knee, and meet the top of the riding boot when seated on the motorcycle under normal riding conditions. Hand protection consists of full fingered riding gloves. The glove shall be constructed of, or with/ abrasion resistant material. Gloves are preferably designed for riding, have added padding, and retain a natural curl when not worn.
Increased Visibility
(Local policy may differ)
Riders are encouraged to select PPE that incorporates fluorescent colors and retro-reflective material To enhance the ability of other vehicle operators to see and avoid motorcyclists, outer garments constructed of brightly colored, fluorescent or reflective materials are highly recommended. Riders should select PPE that incorporates fluorescent colors and retro-reflective material. Riders are encouraged to wear retro-reflective materials or use other visibility increasing devices on their motorcycle - BUT - Color and reflectivity requirements applicable to motorcycle operation have been eliminated. There is no requirement to wear a "reflective motorcycle vest" during day or night as well as any quantification of color or reflectivity requirements related to motorcycle outerwear.
Bags and Packs See local policy for requirements when wearing a bag or pack. See local policy for requirements when wearing a bag or pack. See local policy for requirements when wearing a bag or pack. See local policy for requirements when wearing a bag or pack.
References: AR 385-10 OPNAVINST 5100.12J AFI 91-207 MCO 5100.19F
   
 
 
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    AR 385-10
    Army Safety Site 
 
Army Motorcycle Rider Information
  
Training:
Per AR 385-10, dated 27 NOV 2013, all Soldiers who operate a MC are required to take the following MC training:
  • Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) Basic Rider Course (BRC) or DUSD(I&E) endorsed, State-approved, curriculum for MC operator’s safety training.
  • Experienced Rider Course (ERC) or the MSF BRC–II.
  • Military Sportbike Riders Course (MSRC) or MSF Advanced Rider Course (ARC).
  • MC refresher training (MRT) for Soldiers deployed for more than 180 days.
  • DA Civilian employees who operate MCs in the performance of their duties will complete the training requirements of this section.
  • Military retirees, and military Family members/dependents are not permitted to attend Army sponsored training on a space available basis.
Based on the type of MC owned or operated, Soldiers are required to complete MC sustainment training within 5 years of completing an ERC/BRC–II or MSRC/ARC which consists of, at a minimum, retaking an ERC/BRC–II or MSRC/ARC. A Soldier can meet the sustainment training requirement, at no expense to the Government, by taking an Army-approved advanced level MC course. A list of courses meeting the criteria is located on the USACR/Safety Center Web site (https://safety.army.mil).
Local Policy Letters:
 
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    OPNAVINST 5100.12J
    Navy Motorcycle Rider 
 
Navy Motorcycle Rider Information
 
Training:
Per OPNAVINST 5100.12J dated 26 June 2012, the purpose of the Navy motorcycle safety training program is to provide both novice and experienced motorcycle operators with the opportunity to enhance their riding skills, knowledge, and techniques throughout their riding career. The program is an effort to reduce mishaps, which in the past have negatively affected readiness. Commanders are encouraged to establish joint training programs with installation and unit commanders of the other Service and local and State motorcycle safety program managers, wherever practical. Training shall be provided to all Sailors within 30 days of the Sailor's request for training. The three levels of motorcycle training are:
  • Level I. Level I courses include: the Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) BRC, any State approved curriculum intended to provide novice riders the skills and knowledge needed to obtain a drivers license motorcycle endorsement, any course approved by any of the other Services, or any entry level rider training course approved by OPNAV N09F/COMNAVSAFECEN. All Sailors who plan to purchase or operate a motorcycle (regardless of their intent to ride the motorcycle on or off base) shall complete level I training prior to operating these vehicles. Additionally, operators of government-owned motorcycles shall complete level I training prior to operating a government owned motorcycle. All riders must complete level I training prior to attending any advanced level motorcycle training.
  • Level II. These courses are intended to build upon the skills and knowledge that riders obtain in level I courses. The MSRC and Advanced Rider Course are examples of level II courses approved for sport bike riders. The Advanced Rider Course and BRC II are examples of level II courses approved for non-sport bike riders. A complete and current listing of all OPNAV N09F/COMNAVSAFECEN approved level II rider training courses is available on the NAVSAFECEN's Web site.
  • Level III. These courses are intended to improve the riders' skills and knowledge through a curriculum that includes practice maneuvers conducted at street or highways speeds, challenging cornering techniques and other realistic scenarios conducted in a controlled environment. Examples of level III courses include: the California Superbike School, the Marine Corps' Advanced Motorcycle Operator Course, Total Control and American Super Camp. A complete and current listing of all OPNAV N09F/COMNAVSAFECEN approved Level III rider training courses is available on the NAVSAFECEN's Web site.
  • Follow-on Training. All Sailors who operate motorcycles shall complete Level II training within 60 days of completion of Level I training or upon changing the type of motorcycle ridden. Motorcycle operators who are properly licensed and have completed Level I training may immediately enroll in and complete Level II training.
  • Refresher Training. All Sailors who operate motorcycles shall complete Level II or Level III refresher training every three (3) years. If Level II or Level III training is unavailable any OPNAV N09F/COMNAVSAFECEN approved course may be substituted.
  • Civilian Motorcycle Operator Training. All civilian motorcycle operators who have a current State motorcycle operator license, endorsement or permit are not required to complete any of the above training.
 
 
 
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    AFI 91-207
    Air Force Rider
    Air Force Safety Center 
 
Air Force Motorcycle Rider Information
 
Training:
According to AFI 91-207 dated 12 Sept, 2013, Motorcycle safety training is not intended to meet state, territory, host nation or applicable SOFA licensing requirements. It is the rider’s responsibility to possess a valid motorcycle license, endorsement or riders permit before operating a motorcycle on a roadway, to include travel to and from training location(s).
  • Initial Training: Conducted Prior to operation of a motorcycle. Pending completion of initial training, commanders may authorize operators who possess a valid motorcycle license, endorsement or riders permit to ride subject to any restrictions imposed by such license, endorsement, or permit. Meet Motorcycle Safety Foundation® (MSF) Basic Rider Course SM (BRC) or State-approved course in lieu of DoD initial training.
  • Intermediate Training: Conducted ideally within 60 days but no later than 1 year after completing initial training. Meet or exceed requirements for initial training. MSF BRC-2, Military Sportbike Riders Course SM (MSRC), Advanced Riders Course SM (ARC), Air Mobility Command (AMC) Sport Bike, or DoD Component defined training. Sport bike riders shall attend the MSRC, ARC, AMC Sport Bike or a DoD Component defined training (sport bike focused).
  • Refresher Training: Complete at least every 5 years. Meet or exceed requirements for intermediate training.
 
 
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    MCO 5100.19F
    Marine Corps Safety Site 
 
Marine Corps Motorcycle Rider Information
 
Training:
According to MCO 5100.19F dated 29 Nov, 2011:

Motorcycle Safety Training: The purpose of the Marine Corps Motorcycle Safety training program is to provide entry level riders with the minimum skills necessary to begin riding safely and to provide opportunities for renewal training (e.g. sustainment or lifelong learning) for experienced motorcycle operators throughout their riding career. The program is an effort to reduce mishaps that negatively affect readiness. The three levels of motorcycle training are:

Level 1: Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) Basic Riders Course (BRC), MSF Dirt Bike school, Lee Parks Basic Course, State-approved curriculum for motorcycle operator's safety training, or any other "entry level" or "true novice" rider training course approved by CMC (SD) that provides· the basic principles and skills of riding required to obtain a state motorcycle endorsement. Motorcycle riders shall present to his/her unit the original or certified copy of completion card of any MSF BRC or Stateapproved course. All unlicensed motorcycle riders must complete Levell training prior to attending any other advanced level motorcycle training.

Level 2: Military Sport Bike Riders Course (MSRC), Advanced Rider Course (ARC), Rider Assessor Course, or any other intermediate or mid level. rider training approved by CMC (SD) that is designed to provide sustainment training for licensed motorcycle riders.

Level 3: California Superbike School, Advance Motorcycle Operator School (AMOS), Advance Rider Track Day Courses (ARTD), Total Control, American Super Camp, or any other advanced rider training approved by CMC (SD) that provides motorcycle rider training that improves riding skills by providing skills practice at realistic speeds with street cornering scenarios and that simultaneously challenges the riders abilities in a controlled environment.

Initial (Level 1) Training. All Marines who plan to purchase or operate a motorcycle (regardless of their intent to register the motorcycle on a Marine Corps installation) and all operators of government-owned motorcycles are required to attend and successfully complete a motorcycle rider safety course approved by CMC (SD). All Marine personnel must obtain a valid state motorcycle license or a motorcycle endorsement on their state drivers' license before operating a motorcycle on any street or public roadway in accordance with reference "d" of MCO 5100.19F.

Commanders are encouraged to establish joint training programs with other military installations, local state motorcycle safety offices or local community courses within the installation area when available. Personnel should not be required to wait more than 30 days during the local riding training season to receive training. Commands shall not waive the training requirement. Marines who have completed a Levell course are authorized to operate a motorcycle only if they are licensed (valid state drivers license with a motorcycle endorsement).

Motorcycle safety training shall include the appropriate approved course. New or unlicensed street riders must complete an entry level (Level 1) type of course before proceeding to higher level training. All dirt bike or off-road motorcycle riders must complete appropriate Level I off-road training (e.g. CMC (SD) approved off-road motorcycle course) .

All initial or beginner motorcycle training courses must be instructed by certified or licensed personnel. The course of instruction shall include hands-on training, a riding skills evaluation, and a written knowledge based evaluation. Commanders shall accept the instructor/ridercoach signed completion card from any military or state motorcycle training course that has been approved by CMC (SD). Training shall be documented with a completion card or certificate as proof of successful completion of required basic or beginner training.

Motorcycle Follow-on Training. All Marine motorcycle riders will attend mandatory follow-on Level II motorcycle training within 120 days of completion of Level I course (dependent on the local riding season). The follow-on training must target the type of motorcycle the Marine owns or operates. All Sport Bike riders will attend a Sports Bike type course (e.g. MSF-MSRC); all other motorcycle riders will attend a course designed for experienced riders that targets the specific handling characteristics of the type motorcycle they own. When a Marine attends a Level 1 course but does not own or operate a motorcycle, the completion of the course shall be recorded into the Marine Corps Total Force System (MCTFS). Within three (3) years at the required refresher training date, if the Marine is still not an active rider, owns or regularly rides, the completion of the Level 1 training and follow on requirements shall be removed from TMS/MCTFS.

Refresher Training. Commanders will ensure motorcycle riders receive refresher training/continuing education (Level II or III) every three (3) years. Refresher training may include the Motorcycle Safety Foundation BRCII, ARC, MSRC, or other advanced motorcycle rider training such as Advanced Rider Track Days, California Superbike School-based training, Total Control-based training or other advanced motorcycle training approved by CMC (SD). Refresher training shall be documented and the rider shall receive a card or certificate as proof of completion. Completion shall be recorded in MCTFS.
 
 
 
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This is a privately maintained website to try to increase awareness of the PPE requirements for U.S. Military Motorcycle Riders.  If you have any suggestions for additional content, changes or updates, please send an email to webmaster at militarybikers.org.  While the information contained on this page was pulled directly from the sources listed, you should always check for updated information or the requirements in local policies to ensure that you are wearing the required PPE.  Site Image (FPCON BRAVO) source is army.mil.